The world’s first fully electric commercial aircraft took off for its inaugural test flight on Tuesday.
The commercial plane took off from the Canadian city of Vancouver where tall mountain peaks edge the Pacific Ocean.
“This proves that commercial aviation in all-electric form can work,” said Roei Ganzarski, chief executive of Seattle-based engineering firm magniX.
The firm designed the plane’s motor and worked in partnership with Harbour Air, which ferries half a million passengers a year between Vancouver, Whistler ski resort and nearby islands and coastal communities.
Ganzarski said the technology offers zero emissions and would mean significant cost savings for airlines.
“This signifies the start of the electric aviation age,” he told reporters.
Civil aviation is one of the fastest growing sources of carbon emissions as people increasingly take to the skies and new technologies have been slow to get off the ground.
The International Civil Aviation Organization has encouraged greater use of efficient biofuel engines and lighter aircraft materials, as well as route optimization.
The e-plane – a 62-year-old, six-passenger DHC-2 de Havilland Beaver seaplane retrofitted with an electric motor – was piloted by Greg McDougall, founder and chief executive of Harbour Air.
“For me that flight was just like flying a Beaver, but it was a Beaver on electric steroids. I actually had to back off on the power,” he said.
McDougall took the plane on a short loop along the Fraser River near Vancouver International Airport in front of around 100 onlookers soon after sunrise.
According to an AFP journalist, the flight lasted less than 15 minutes.
“Our goal is to actually electrify the entire fleet. There’s no reason not to,” said McDougall.
“On top of fuel efficiency, the company would save millions in maintenance costs, as electric motors require “drastically” less upkeep,” McDougall said.
However, Harbour Air will have to wait at least two years before it can begin electrifying its fleet of more than 40 seaplanes.
The e-plane has to be tested further to confirm it is reliable and safe. In addition, the electric motor must be approved and certified by regulators.
In Ottawa, Transport Minister Marc Garneau told reporters ahead of the maiden flight that he had his “fingers crossed that the electric plane will work well.”
If it does, he said, “it could set a trend for more environmentally friendly flying.”